Movie Business



Post 1940’s, film making and business of cinema had a
different equation. In the west film making and screening process was strictly owned by few studios. In the East filmmaking were strongy influenced by Hollywood. The Indian film Industry for instance, popularly still called as ” Bollywood ” was charmed by the style of Hollywood filmmaking. There were few Genius namely Mr. V. Shantaram, Raj Kapoor, Gurudutt and Satyajit Ray in India who had mastered the art in both commercial and meaningful cinema.

The Hollywood film industry is big and widely accepted in
the field of entertainment. Post second world war there has been a lot of ups and downs but filmmaking was remain
experimental in Hollywood and technically films got color and sound and good quality
Before world war 2, Top studio’s those days had stars
working under contract. That means one particular star will only work for a
particular studio, say Universal or paramount. Star were working on salary
basis. The film screening ,run and theatres were owned by big studios. It was a
difficult time for small movie producers and distributors. After world war 2 ,
a lot of change happened in technology and innovation. By that time the studios
had given up theater chains and television were introduced. The potential of
television market was later understood, when Universal studio embraces
television. Universal became the premiere television producer for Hollywood.
They utilized the backlot to make television shows like bonanza. Sound stages
were utilized to make sitcoms


Films namely Wizard of Oz and Gone With The Wind were the
earlier two successes from Hollywood. Thereafter trends follow in terms of
making films on war, romance,comedy and magic.This change and acceptance led
to create a market that kept investors and producers in a profitable situation
Selling theatrical rights, satellite rights, video on
demand, home entertainment and merchandising are profit making tools used these
The  films in south
asia 20 years back used to be labeled successful,  if they would complete 25 weeks from the date
of release. The Indian Film Industry, popularly known as “Bollywood” is well known for its content and music worldwide. 
Success Parameters for Indian Films 30 years back:
Silver jubilee
If the film runs for a continuous 25 weeks at the box office, it was labeled as silver jubilee.
Golden jubilee
 After silver jubilee , if the film runs for 50 weeks , it
was tagged as golden jubilee. Golden jubilee tags the film as superhit.
Platinum jubilee
 75 weeks of successful run at the box office the film would
entitled to called a platinum jubilee
Diamond jubilee
 Films which would complete 100 weeks at the Boxoffice are
super duper hit movies. There were only few movies which would fit the category
of a diamond jubilee film.
Marketing for film
Today, right from pre to post production of a film there are
new ways to promote and market a film. The right kind of marketing mix ripe
great success at the box office.
Before film release :
  • First look
  • Teaser release
  • Trailer release ( earlier only there was one trailer shown
    during intervals of any film viewing.
    Now you get trailer 1 , trailer 2 and 3 of a same film )
  • Song release
  • Promotion
  • Satellite rights sale before release
  • Online release rights ( OTT )
The entire concept of new age marketing add the operating
expense of a film that accounts in the film budget.
Wide options available
Now viewers get more options to watch more than one film in
a multiplex. Gone are the days where you used to do advanced booking of a film
by standing in long queues outside the ticket window.There apps and website where
you can book online tickets, for instance apps like bookmyshow and PVR. Here
not only films but you can book tickets for plays, events and exhibitions.
There are provision to add snacks while booking the tickets on online platforms.
 In the current age, cine viewers also review a film online.,
bookmyshow and some other platforms provide a section where the viewer can
write their reviews of the film they watched in more than 100words. The word
film critics are not official nowadays. Everyone can be a film critic today.


Box Office 
Films now earns revenue even before there release.
Folllowing are crucial,if you want to achieve good box office results :
  • The movie starcast are saleable
  • Big budget
  • Big banner production
  • Unique content ( if content is unique then the low budgets films are also making profits).



The chain goes like,
after a film is produced, It is sold to distributor for exhibition in
both domestic and overseas territory. Then there are sale of satellite rights,
online partners and home entertainment.The global digital content market is
flourishing.Now the production houses are aware and releasing trailers of
their movies with a credit announcement of their online digital partners.
Many a times it happens
that the films earns profit before release. This is because the production
house smartly indulge in trade with the aforementioned components.
Sometimes times it is a risk when a producer makes a film
and do not get right distributor. If there is no distributor, no one will buy
the film and the producer has to suffer heavy losses.
The distributor than tie up with the exhibitor to release
the film in single screens and multiplexes. Profit sharing between distributor
and exhibitor are in agreed proportion after paying taxes.
In numbers in ASIA:
1st week collection
50% to distributor and 50% to exhibitor
Consecutively the share for exhibitor increased from second
week onwards
2nd week
42% to distributor and 58% to exhibitor
3rd week
35% to distributor and 65% to exhibitor
And Theron for whatever weeks the film runs the exhibitor
keep 70% of the collection.
In the current scenario, every production house wants to
make such film which fetch maximum numbers in the first two weeks. Because the
first two weeks are money spinners for both the producer and the distributor.
The entire success definition of films across the world has
been changed over a period of time . In the current era, in some
countries, only 3 days count. Earlier it
was calculation of  single screen
collection and now films collection depends on how it fared at the multiplexes.
People now watch a movie after reading positive reviews. It started another
trend of paid preview and review. This affects the business of a film in the
first 5 day of the release.There are films which are extremely bad but are successful
in terms of box office numbers . On the other hand there are good film in terms
of story and content which could not achieved desire numbers at the box office.
One thing is for sure, it is difficult for audience to celebrate  a good movie for a longtime. This is because in the current era, the age of the movie from the day of its release is just one month unlike 30 years back, film used to run for a longer period. 


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